The Political-Economic Effects of Brexit for the UK

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The Political-Economic Effects of Brexit for the UK

Nearly more than half of the world does not know about Brexit. Well, of course, why would anyone know about Brexit, they do not have anything to deal with it or do. Yet, we bet most of the UK knows about it, as it was a valuable event to them. It changed various things for the UK, from per capita income to political and economic situation. Expert economists say that Brexit left some political-economic effects on the UK. Luckily, this article will discuss this topic thoroughly, so you can learn what Brexit is and its political-economic effects.

Perhaps you are a Ph.D. scholar seeking law dissertation help on the web regarding the event of Brexit and how it changed things for the UK. If so, this article contains crucial data about Brexit and its political-economic effects. Thus, help yourself by reading the rest of the blog with all your focus. However, beyond everything, first, understand what Brexit was all about.


For people who are unaware of Brexit, it is a short form of two English words ‘Britain’ and ‘Exit’. So what Britain’s exit means here? It refers to the departure process of the United Kingdom (UK) from the European Union (EU).

There is a legal international article 50 of the Treaty of the European Union upon the withdrawal process of any Member State from the EU. This rule suggests that any Member State of the EU may think to withdraw according to its legal law. However, after notifying the decision to withdraw from the UK, the EU will settle with this State in line with the process of its withdrawal. The EU will furthermore negotiate with this state about its future relations.

Besides, the voting for the withdrawal process of the United Kingdom from the EU took place on the 23rd of June, 2016 and its results led to Brexit. Nearly a year later, the UK sent the notification to the European Council about their withdrawal process on the 29th of March, 2017. Since the notification in 2020, negotiations between the State and EU took place. On 1st February 2020, the UK successfully stepped back from the European Union, and the agreement went active. However, the UK had to maintain the acquis communautaire application with the EU until the 31st of December 2020 as a negotiation departure period.

Eventually, the relations between the UK and the EU were nothing. However, one relation or so-called agreement is active today, the “trade and cooperation agreement”. Although, it is a thriving agreement, which led to a crucial change for citizens, firms, and public rights in the UK and the EU.

The Political Economics Effects on the UK

We believe you understand what Brexit is from the above section, now is the time to let you know about its political-economic effects on the UK. You might be wondering why the UK chose to depart from the EU when it could end up with bad results. Well, as if you do not know the choice of decision, the UK had to take part with the EU. Factors like immigration, autonomy, economy, and anti-establishment politics played a crucial role with many other factors in Brexit. As per the UK’s authorities, Brexit was a necessary event to set the UK free from any sort of control.

Besides, the UK’s higher authorities did not take the decision that led to Brexit. Instead, they opted for public voting on this issue. The results were in favor of Brexit, with 51.8% of votes to leave the European Union. It greatly impacted the UK’s political economy but saved them from anti-establishment politics and control. The political-economic effects of Brexit were not all bad, as a recent study has proved that Brexit had reduced the competitiveness of the British economy against neighboring states.

Trade Barriers

The political affairs of immigration and autonomy were the crucial factors that shaped the post-Brexit economic and trading relationship between the UK and the EU. These factors upset the UK’s higher authority, and they decided to proceed with Brexit. Not this only, the leaders went for post ‘hard’ Brexit, which offered even worsen results. The ‘hard’ Brexit increased the trade barriers and costs of goods and services between the EU and the UK. Moreover, it set new restraints on migration flows and made the UK bound by them.

Moreover, the EU unevenly distributed its goods and services to areas that voted most heavily for Brexit. It shows that the event of Brexit really did upset the European Union and made them set the worst policies for the UK in goods, trade in services, and migration at the beginning of this event. The tension between the UK and the EU trade and immigration policies was the highest in the early Brexit time.

Besides, the upsetting affairs between the UK and the EK remained limited till 2021. From then to this day, no economic trade has declined between the UK and the EU. However, the execution of the trade and cooperation agreement (TCA) caused crucial distress in the UK-EU trade. It happened because TCA did not just cover grade in goods, services, investments, etc., but also numerous other chief areas like air and road transport, energy and sustainability, fisheries, security, and socioeconomic coordination. All these factors made a sudden and continued 25% decline in UK imports from just the EU. Although, it did not affect the UK imports from the rest of the world.


We believe this article helps you understand Brexit and its political-economic effects on the UK in all ways it could. Perhaps you will not need to look for on the web about Brexit and how it changed things for the UK anymore. It is an ideal topic to choose for a final year research task because Brexit occurred recently, and many people are unaware of it.

Besides, things are turning better between the UK and the EU relationship. Perhaps the upcoming years will clear every past inconvenience between them and open all the trade barriers that are locked today. We can only hope Britain and the EU never make such a devastating decision again.  

By | 2022-11-28T14:39:24+00:00 November 28th, 2022|Economics Dissertation|0 Comments

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